Weight loss surgery, also known as bariatric surgery, is a treatment option for people with obesity who have not been successful with other weight loss methods. There are several types of weight loss surgeries, including:
- Gastric bypass surgery: In this surgery, the surgeon creates a small stomach pouch and re-routes the small intestine to this pouch. This limits the amount of food that can be consumed and the absorption of calories.
- Sleeve gastrectomy: In this surgery, a portion of the stomach is removed, leaving a smaller sleeve-shaped stomach. This limits the amount of food that can be consumed and reduces the production of hunger hormones.
- Adjustable gastric banding: In this surgery, a band is placed around the upper part of the stomach, creating a smaller stomach pouch. The band can be adjusted to control the amount of food that can be consumed.
- Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch: This surgery involves both a sleeve gastrectomy and a bypass of a portion of the small intestine, reducing the absorption of calories and nutrients.
- Intragastric balloon: In this non-surgical procedure, a deflated balloon is inserted into the stomach and then inflated with saline solution. This reduces the amount of food that can be consumed and promotes feelings of fullness.
Surgery is typically recommended for people with a BMI (body mass index) of 40 or higher, or a BMI of 35 or higher with other obesity-related health conditions. It’s important to discuss the risks and benefits of each surgery option with a qualified healthcare professional to determine the best option for individual needs.
Surgery can have many benefits for people struggling with obesity and related health conditions. Here are some potential benefits:
- Significant weight loss: Surgery can result in significant weight loss, which can improve overall health and quality of life.
- Improvement in obesity-related health conditions: Surgery can improve or even resolve many obesity-related health conditions, such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, and joint pain.
- Improved mental health: Losing weight can improve self-esteem, body image, and overall mental health.
- Increased mobility: Weight loss can improve mobility and reduce the risk of mobility-related health conditions, such as joint pain and arthritis.
- Improved quality of life: Weight loss surgery can improve overall quality of life, including social, emotional, and physical well-being.
It’s important to note that surgery is a major medical procedure and should only be considered after other weight loss methods have been tried and unsuccessful. It’s important to discuss the risks and benefits of weight loss surgery with a qualified healthcare professional to determine if it is an appropriate option for individual needs.
Possible Drawbacks To Weight Loss Surgery:
While weight loss surgery can have many benefits, there are also some potential drawbacks and risks to consider. Here are some of the cons of weight loss surgery:
- Risks associated with surgery: As with any surgical procedure, weight loss surgery carries risks of complications such as infection, bleeding, and blood clots.
- Long-term commitment to lifestyle changes: Surgery requires a lifelong commitment to making significant lifestyle changes, including a healthy diet, regular exercise, and ongoing medical monitoring.
- Possible complications after surgery: In some cases, surgery can lead to complications such as hernias, bowel obstruction, or dumping syndrome (a condition where food moves too quickly through the digestive system).
- Nutritional deficiencies: Weight loss surgery can lead to nutrient deficiencies if the body is unable to absorb enough nutrients from food. Patients may require lifelong supplements to prevent these deficiencies.
- Emotional and psychological challenges: Surgery can be emotionally and psychologically challenging, as patients must adjust to significant changes in their body and lifestyle.
It’s important to discuss the risks and benefits of surgery with a qualified healthcare professional and carefully consider all of the potential pros and cons before deciding whether it is the right option for individual needs.
If you feel like a traditional diet may be your route instead of surgery, there are tons of great options like The TLC Diet, The Mayo Clinic Diet, The Volumetrics Diet or any of the other healthy diet choices outlined on our blog!